To Ngoc Van (1906-1954) was a painter , writer and revolutionary who born in Hanoi in December 15th 1906. he was from a middle class family.In his painter life he was influenced by the work of Paul Gauguin and after that his art became characterized by delicacy of form and brilliant use of color.
During the 1950’s in Viet- Minh territory the school of the new state of arts was found .To Ngoc Van thought both drawing and Marxist-Leninist principles .The school and its students made paintings ,posters ,stamps and other visual emblems. . In his writings To Ngoc Van often discussed the issues raised by the role of an artist in a political context. In his 1949 essay "Study or Not?" he wrote---
"Here lies the principal point, the torment of my soul: how to make the self that serves the nation and the masses and the self that serves art -- the artist cannot forget this responsibility -- not come into conflict or, even worse, betray one another."
To Ngoc Van died June 17th in 1954 during the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, after which the French were forced out of Viet Nam.